About NephrologistsFind a Doctor
Nephrology is a medical specialty that focuses on the health of the kidneys. A Nephrologist, or renal physician, is trained in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of kidney diseases and illness that arises as a result of kidney problems such as diabetes mellitus and autoimmune diseases.
Nephrologists provide help and treatment for normal kidney function including renal replacement therapy which consists of the process of dialysis and kidney transplantation. These specialists order blood and urine tests as well as assess X-rays and ultrasounds to identify kidney disease and to provide a diagnosis and subsequent treatment plan.
Some of the most common conditions treated by Nephrologists and reasons for referral from a Family Doctor/General Practitioner can include acute renal failure, chronic kidney disease, kidney stones and high blood pressure. Nephrologists can also provide treatment for disorders not limited to the kidneys such as autoimmune diseases like lupus as well as genetic conditions such as polycystic kidney disease.
Medical and surgical procedures that a Nephrologist can provide and refer patients to other specialists for include kidney biopsy, kidney transplants, dialysis and immunosuppression. Nephrologists can also provide care across other areas of medicine including Pediatric Nephrology and cancer-related kidney diseases (Onconephrology.)