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Emergency Medicine Physicians specialize in the diagnosis, treatment and care of patients in critical condition or requiring immediate medical response. These medical specialists provide care in hospital emergency units, emergency medical services and paramedics and in other areas that require critical care such as the intensive-care unit.
Emergency doctors are equipped to handle critical cases and to make crucial decisions as to treatment and the best way to resuscitate and stabilize patients in sometimes life-threatening condition as well as pre-surgery and post-surgery.
They have acquired skills that cross a range of medical specialties including resuscitation, anesthesia, cardiac life support, airway management, sutures, setting fractured bones or dislocated joints, treating a heart attack as well as interpreting x-rays and ultrasounds.
Critical care patients can often include those suffering from high blood pressure (hypertension/hypotension,) patients requiring ventilator support due to airway problems or respiratory compromise, acute renal failure, cardiac arrhythmias and organ failure.
A vital aspect of emergency medicine is Emergency medical services, also known as EMS or paramedics, who provide treatment of patients immediately on-site and on route to hospital, as well as medical transport by ambulance to the emergency department for further care.