A team of three American scientists has just been awarded the 2017 Nobel Prize for medicine and physiology. The group’s work explains exactly how our body clock functions.
Scientists Jeffrey Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael Young are sharing the prize and elated to have been chosen.
Their research delves into the inner workings of the circadian rhythms of all living things.
Basically, the trio has just explained why you feel the way you do when jet lag sets in, why some of us are so lively in the morning and others find energy at night, and how shift work can have an enormous impact on a person’s health.
Reports indicate that Jeffrey Hall and Michael Rosbash worked together to isolate a section of DNA called the period gene. This piece is connected with circadian rhythms. It contains instructions that tell your body to feel tired at night and awake during the day.
For his part, Michael Young discovered two genes called ‘timeless’ and ‘doubletime’. Each affect how fast or slow our body clock runs, making some of us night owls and others those perky morning larks.
According to Dr. Hastings, prior to the team’s research scientists knew about the body clocks of living organisms, but they were basically “black boxes”. No one knew how and why they worked.
Nobel Prizes are awarded each year in a variety of categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of significant academic, cultural or scientific advances, and regarded as a most prestigious honor.